Install Ubuntu 12.04 using USB
Ubuntu 12.04 has Unity Desktop as the default desktop although classic desktops are also available in login menu instead of GNOME as you expected (because Ubuntu has been using gnome from the beginning). Some other features has been added e.g Ubuntu Software Center has now ratings (in terms of stars) and reviews available for each application, Windows options has been shifted to panel (top),which appears on Mouse Hover and so on.
Ubuntu has now become the most popular Linux distribution among the desktop users. it’s open source, free, user friendly, fast and in short ..it’s a lot of Fun!
Ubuntu 12.04 can be installed in many ways- You can install it from USB(Universal Serial Bus) or CD. In this post, I’ll cover the first meathod – step by step with full explanation – installing Ubuntu from USB. This guide will help you in installing Ubuntu in parallel with other OS like Windows 7, if you want only Ubuntu, then it’s much easier, but not recommended if you play a lot of Games or you use some softwares that is windows dependent.All the Steps are given below for installing ubuntu using USB.
Step1: Download the ISO Image from it’s official website. Select the correct option and download the iso file.
Step2: Now Create a bootable USB using Universal USB Installer (a windows application that will create a bootable USB from the ISO file ).
Donload USB Installer and execute it, you will get a windows something like this (On Windows 7).
Select the Ubuntu 11.04 in Linux Distribution menu and locate the ISO File, although in most of the case it will automatically detect it. Now, select the USB Drive, which you want to make bootable, check the format option if you haven’t already formatted it. Then the click on Create button to begin the process..wait for few minutes until the installation process is complete.
Step3: Now restart your computer and boot from USB. If there’s any problem then Change BIOS settings to enable USB booting or change the priority order. Then select – install Ubuntu to your hard drive from boot menu or click on ‘install Ubuntu’ after live booting from USB.
After selecting the language, click on Forward button. In next window, you will be asked to ensure that – your system satisfies its minimum requirements – like 4.4 GB Drive space, and it’s recommended to have Internet Connection (Preferably Wired) during installation so that it can download the necessary packages and updates.
Step4: Now this is the most critical step, where most people feel difficult in dealing with Ubuntu or any other Linux Distros.
Option1: Erase Everything and Reinstall – it will delete everything (all the data and other OS like Windows 7) and reinstall Ubuntu 11.04 on your hard drive. If you select this option then you can skip few steps, although it’s not recommended, better go for second option.
Option2: Something Else / Advanced Partition it’s not so difficult as it seems. No files will be deleted and if you are using Windows 7 and want to use both Windows and Ubuntu in parallel, then this is the correct option for you. When you choose this option 2nd.
Now select the hard drive(if you have more than one), then the partition, where you want to install. After selecting the partition, first un-allocate/delete, then select that free space and click on Add. Then specify the details like -
- Partition Type – ‘Primary’
- File System – ‘Ext4.
- Mount Point – ‘/’
Click on Install Button to proceed.
Step5: Now Enter some basic information during the installation procedure and hit Forward button.
After then select Geo-Graphical Location-select your Map.
After then select your keyboard layout, It’s better to leave it Deafult.
Now enter some basic information like – Your name, Computer Name, Login Info (Username, and Password). Then relax (or You may skip some language packs during the installation to reduce the installation time) until the installation is complete.
That’s All…Now Restart the computer and enjoy the Ubuntu environment.